Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
American National Biography
Black KettleAmerican Indian Leaders
Cheyenne chief and known as "the great peacemaker", Black Kettle remained committed to peace until his death. Though Cheyenne raiding parties continued to operate near his village, Black Kettle made it clear that he wanted peace, offering to settle near Fort Cobb as a sign of goodwill; this offer was refused. On 27 November 1868, Black Kettle and his wife were killed during the battle of the Washita, shot in the back trying to flee General George Custer's dawn attack.