Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty National Monument is situated on Bedloe's (now Liberty) Island in New York harbor. The 151-foot statue (entitled Liberty Enlightening the World) of a robed female figure bearing an uplifted torch was designed by the Frenchman Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi; completed in Paris in 1885 with the aid of Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, who designed the inner skeleton; and officially presented to the United States by the French government.
Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898Edwin G. Burrows and Mike Wallace
In Gotham, Edwin G. Burrows and Mike Wallace have produced a monumental work of history, one that ranges from the Indian tribes that settled in and around the island of Manna-hata, to the consolidation of the five boroughs into Greater New York in 1898. It is an epic narrative, a story as vast and as varied as the city it chronicles, and it underscores that the history of New York is the story of our nation.