Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference

Sitka

A fort was built here in 1799 by Alexander Baranov (1746–1819), the first Russian governor of Alaska. This was destroyed by the Tlingit in 1802. Two years later the construction of a city, Novo Arkhangelsk ‘New Archangel’, was begun. In 1867 Alaska was sold to the USA and the city became known as Sitka from the Tlingit Shee At'iká

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OUP Books

Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removel and the Making of the National Parks

Mark David Spence

National parks like Yellowstone, Yosemite, and Glacier preserve some of this country's most cherished wilderness landscapes. While visions of pristine, uninhabited nature led to the creation of these parks, they also inspired policies of Indian removal. By contrasting the native histories of these places with the links between Indian policy developments and preservationist efforts, this work examines the complex origins of the national parks and the troubling consequences of the American wilderness ideal. The first study to place national park history within the context of the early reservation era, it details the ways that national parks developed into one of the most important arenas of contention between native peoples and non-Indians in the twentieth century.

Dispossessing the Wilderness: Indian Removel and the Making of the National Parks
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