Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
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Shiloh National Military Park
This chapter examines the roles of African Americans in the work of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) during the creation of the Shiloh National Military Park in Tennessee. Shiloh had special significance for African American veterans, as the Civil War battlefield played a major role in the Union’s eventual victory over the Confederacy. Shiloh and other national parks were chief beneficiaries of the New Deal’s job creation programs. The first of the two black CCC camps at Shiloh was Camp MP-3 (Camp Young), established on July 15, 1933, while the second, Tennessee Camp MP-7 (Camp Corinth), was established on June 14, 1934. The chapter describes daily life at the Shiloh camps and looks at the segregation and other forms of racism that pervaded camp life, along with the local opposition encountered by the black camps. It also discusses the long-term impact of the Shiloh camps on World War I black veterans.