Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference

Sand Creek Massacre

a surprise attack by forces organized under Col. John M. Chivington on peacefully assembled Cheyenne near Sand Creek, Colorado, November 29, 1864. Of the 500 Cheyenne in the village, more than 200 were indiscriminately killed, including many women and children. The attack set off widespread fighting between settlers and Plains Indians.

Learn More →