Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
University Press Scholarship Online
Spanish-Colonial San Francisco
The Presidio of San Francisco, a Spanish colonial military settlement, was established on July 26, 1776 by a caravan of 193 men, women, and children who had traveled overland from Tubac, Arizona. In less than one short year, the San Francisco Bay area was transformed from the homeland of the Ohlone Native Californians into a landscape dominated by colonial institutions.