Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference

Holy Land in Native North America

Petroglyph National Monument. Between 2000 and 500 years ago, the ancestors carved their messages into the lava formation just west of Albuquerque. Now known as Petroglyph National Monument, its historic value was recognized when it was named a national monument in 1990. But today both greed and the growth of the city of Albuquerque spurn the ancestors. A six-lane highway connects Albuquerque to its own sprawl and threatens to push through the center of the ancient lava chalkboard. All of New Mexico's native nations, including the 19 Pueblos, have opposed it, and a tenacious group known as the Sage Alliance continues its work to stop the proposal.

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