Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference

Johnson, Lyndon B.

(1908–1973), thirty‐sixth president of the United States

Johnson was born on 27 August 1908 in the Hill Country of central Texas. His father was a Democratic politician from whom Lyndon inherited his lifelong passion for politics. He was educated in nearby schools and Southwest Texas State Teachers College in San Marcos. He then taught in Cotulla and Houston.

Learn More →

Oxford Scholarship Online

Fort Sumter to Manassas

This chapter presents Griffin's wartime letters to his wife Leila in South Carolina dated from April 14 to September 17, 1861. These letters are about Griffin's arrival in Fort Sumter, his commissioning as major of cavalry in the Hampton Legion, his recruitment of volunteers in Columbia and his preparation to move his squadron to Virginia. Griffin also expressed his disappointment over the shortage of troop trains which delayed the Hampton Legion cavalry from reaching Manassas in time to take part in the stunning Confederate victory on 21 July and told his wife about his promotion to lieutenant colonel.

Learn More →