Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

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North America

The closest semblance to a Formative Package in North America—with clear-cut evidence for intensive agriculture, sedentism, monumentality, and social stratification—occurs around the end of the first millennium ad with the Mississippian phenomenon in the South-east and the Puebloan and Hohokam complexes in the Southwest (Cobb 2003; Cordell 1997; Neitzel 1999). As seen, however, the South-east had a long tradition of monumentality preceding sedentism and agriculture, and the Southwest had a long tradition of agriculture in the absence of monumentality and sedentism (Fig. 30.4).

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