Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

African American Studies Center

Harpers Ferry Raid

John Brown "shared with [Frederick] Douglass details of his new plan, sometimes mentioning the town of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, where a federal arsenal was located. Despite reservations, Douglass agreed to help Brown raise money and recruit free blacks to aid him. Douglass also introduced Brown to Shields Green, a fugitive slave who later followed Brown to Harpers Ferry.

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