Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
Guilford courthouse, battle of (1781)
As late as the spring of 1781 British forces in America were capable of inflicting sharp defeats on the rebels. To follow up his victory at Camden in August 1780, Cornwallis moved northwards towards Virginia, impeded by Nathaniel Greene's forces. At Guilford courthouse on 15 March Greene gave battle. Cornwallis had scarcely 2,000 men and was heavily outnumbered, but carried the day, capturing the American guns.