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Revenue Marine Bureau

an organization established in 1843 responsible for preventing shipwrecks and helping shipwreck victims. By the fall of 1849, eight boathouses had been constructed from Sandy Hook to Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey. In the early 1950s, with additional congressional funds, boathouses were positioned from Rhode Island in the North to Florida and Texas in the South. By 1854, there were boathouses on the Great Lakes. In 1869, the surfmen responsible for these positions became paid employees. The Bureau was one of the five federal agencies merged to become the U.S. Coast Guard.

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