Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference

First Ladies

The United States presidency has received extensive scholarly attention, but the position of first lady has often received only superficial coverage. The position, and even the title, can evoke contradictory expectations. George Washington’s wife, Martha, was greeted in 1789 as “Lady Washington.” This evocation of an aristocratic title did not please many citizens of the newly independent nation, however, and was discontinued.

Learn More →

OUP Books

First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama

Betty Caroli

Betty Boyd Caroli's engrossing and informative First Ladies is both a captivating read and an essential resource for anyone interested in the role of America's First Ladies. This expanded and updated fourth edition includes Laura Bush's tenure, Hillary Clinton's 2008 presidential bid, and an in-depth look at Michelle Obama, one of the most charismatic and appealing First Ladies in recent history.

First Ladies: From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama
Buy Book →