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Massachusetts to Virginia

poem by Whittier read at the Essex County Convention (Jan. 2, 1843), called to protest the arrest of fugitive slaves. It was published that month in The Liberator and collected in Voices of Freedom (1846). In stirring seven-stress lines it addresses the Southern state, in the name of the aroused Massachusetts counties, recalling the common struggle for liberty in the Revolution, indicating the inconsistency of the slaveholders' position, and rejoicing in the vigorous democratic idealism of the Abolitionists.

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