Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
Ellis Island (USA)
An island in New York Bay off Manhattan Island. Long used as an arsenal and a fort, from 1892 until 1943 it served as the main US centre for immigration control. From 1943 until 1954 it was a detention centre for deportees, until it became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1956. More than twelve million immigrants passed through Ellis Island.