Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

Oxford Reference


Muskogean-speaking Native Americans, who originated in Mississippi-Tennessee (near present-day Memphis). One of the ‘Five Civilized Tribes’, the US government established the Ohio River as their boundary in the Hopewell Treaty (1786). In the 1830s, the Chickasaw were resettled in Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Today, they number c.9000.

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