Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

American National Biography

William O Douglas

US Supreme Court justice

He succeeded, and today the C&O, controlled by the National Park Service, is officially dedicated to William O. Douglas.

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Oxford Reference

Canals and Waterways

Encouraged by the U.S. Supreme Court's outspoken nationalism in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), Congress purchased $300,000 in canal stock to finance a cut through the Delmarva Peninsula. Virginians chartered a larger enterprise, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal.

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