Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
The Stronhold Unit was the site of ghost dances. The Ghost Dance of 1870 and 1890 was a Native American world-renewal religion. The religion took many forms, but its principal ideas were that the spirits of the dead would be raised, the buffalo would return, and European settlers would be driven away. A dance was the central focus of the ritual.