Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.

American National Biography

Robert E Lee

Confederate officer

Lee, Robert E. (19 Jan. 1807-12 Oct. 1870), soldier, was born Robert Edward Lee at Stratford Hall in Westmoreland County, Virginia. He was a Confederate leader in the Civil War until his surrender at Appomattox in 1865.

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OUP Books

The Lees of Virginia: Seven Generations of an American Family

Paul C. Nagel

There are few American families that feature such a collection of characters, both heroic and ignoble, who have made such a mark on history as the Lees. In The Lees of Virginia, Paul Nagel chronicles seven generations of Lees, covering over two hundred years of accolades and scandals.

The Lees of Virginia: Seven Generations of an American Family
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