Go deeper into the history of each park with scholarly articles and essays from Oxford University Press, freely available for the centennial year.
Antietam National BattlefieldCivil War battle
The battle of Antietam commenced on 17 September when Federal troops began a series of uncoordinated attacks against the Confederate left. It is the bloodiest day in American history.
Crossroads of Freedom: AntietamJames M. McPherson
The Battle of Antietam, fought on September 17, 1862, was the bloodiest single day in American history, with more than 6,000 soldiers killed--four times the number lost on D-Day, and twice the number killed in the September 11th terrorist attacks. In Crossroads of Freedom, America's most eminent Civil War historian, James M. McPherson, paints a masterful account of this pivotal battle, the events that led up to it, and its aftermath.